Venomous snakes are found in many locations throughout the world, however most reports of dog envenomation
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas performs the vital functions of secreting digestive enzymes that break down nutrients in the intestines and regulating blood sugar levels.
Luxation (aka prolapse or dislocation) of the lens occurs when all of the strands of tissue holding the lens in place within the eyeball break. A loose lens can either move towards the front of the eye (anterior luxation) or to the back of the eye (posterior luxation).
Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a life threatening viral infection of the gastrointestinal system in dogs. It primarily affects dogs under 2 years old but is most common in puppies between 3-8 months old.
Prostatitis is a common condition that occurs most frequently in intact male dogs when the prostate gland becomes inflamed. Prostatitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection from the urinary tract.
Polymyositis is an inflammatory disorder in dogs affecting two or more muscles in the body. The immune system attacks healthy muscles, causing muscle tissue to be replaced with scar tissue, leading to weakness.
Amyloidosis occurs as a secondary condition to chronic inflammation in dogs. It is the result of build up of proteins in the affected organ, which negatively impacts function. In dogs, amyloidosis most commonly affects the kidneys and is usually detected when signs of kidney disease begin to develop.
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a disorder of the retina which eventually results in blindness in dogs. The retina is a layer of tissue at the back of the eye which translates signals from the eye into images in the brain.
Giardiasis is an infection caused in dogs by species of Giardia, a microscopic protozoan parasite. Giardia pass in host fecal matter and contaminate dirt, water, fur, and other surfaces, allowing for infection of dogs in contact with contaminated environments
Plague is an infection caused by Yersinia pestis, a species of bacteria found in wild rodent populations. Dogs become infected with the bacteria through the bite of an infected flea, or through ingesting an infected rodent.
In male dogs, the prostate is a small gland found near the neck of the urinary bladder, through which the urethra passes and functions to create some of the fluids found in semen. The most common ailment affecting the canine prostate is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is an enlargement of the prostate.
Portosystemic shunt (PSS) describes the condition in dogs in which blood flow via the portal vein (a vessel that carries blood to the liver from the abdominal organs) bypasses the liver, emptying directly into the bloodstream.
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection in dogs caused by Leishmania, a protozoan which infects immune system cells. Once a dog is infected, the parasite spreads throughout the body, affecting multiple organs.
Ivermectin toxicosis occurs when dogs ingest a toxic dose of ivermectin, a drug commonly used to treat parasitic infections in many species. Some dogs have a multidrug resistance genetic mutation (MDR1) that makes them particularly sensitive to the drug and develop toxicosis at much lower doses.
Pyoderma in dogs is a bacterial skin infection commonly caused by Staphylococcus species.
Peritonitis in dogs describes inflammation of the abdominal lining known as the peritoneum.
Puppy strangles describes a sudden onset inflammatory disease most commonly seen in puppies between 3-16 weeks old.
Pericardial effusion in dogs is a condition in which excess fluid (effusion) accumulates in the sac surrounding the heart (the pericardium), impeding proper filling of the heart chambers
Neosporosis is a severe parasitic infection in dogs affecting the muscles and nervous system, caused by *Neospora* parasites.
Plant oxalate poisoning occurs due to ingestion of oxalate-containing plants. Both soluble and insoluble oxalates can lead to poisoning in dogs, and both are found in oxalate-containing plants.
Prostate cancer is an uncommon condition affecting male dogs, characterized by unregulated cell growth of the prostatic tissue.
Pennyroyal oil is derived from the *Hedeoma pulegioides* and *Mentha pulegium* plants, commonly known as pennyroyal, and is extremely toxic to dogs.