Canine Coronavirus, also known as CCoV, is a viral infection of the intestines. This disease is short-lived and typically not fatal, but causes abdominal discomfort and pain for a few days. There are different types of coronavirus that each infect different animal species.
Elapid envenomation occurs when a dog is bitten by a snake from the elapid family (e.g. coral snakes).
Contact dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin in response to an allergen or irritant making physical contact with a dog’s skin cells.
Chocolate toxicosis results when dogs ingest dangerous amounts of chocolate. Methylxanthines like theobromine and caffeine are toxic to dogs,
Colitis refers to inflammation of the colon, which typically causes diarrhea, increased bowel movements, and increased urgency to defecate.
Congenital kidney disease is a group of kidney diseases that develop before birth, during fetal growth.
Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture is the most common cause of hind limb lameness in dogs, and occurs due to traumatic injury or progressive degeneration of the ligament.
A claw disorder is a disease or trauma which affects the claw and surrounding tissue. There are several disorders that fall under this classification including traumatic injuries, Symmetric Lupoid Onychitis (SLO), bacterial and fungal infections, tumors, and keratinization defects
Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism) is caused by elevated cortisol levels in the bloodstream due either a tumor on the adrenal or pituitary glands or from prolonged administration of corticosteroids.
Bartonella infection in dogs is a disease caused by bacteria from the Bartonella species. The infection targets the blood vessels of various organs, including the heart, liver, lymph nodes, eyes, nose, and joints.
The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye which acts as a protective barrier. When the cornea loses cells and thins out, it is called a ‘corneal eye ulcer,’ or ulcerative keratitis. Corneal ulcers can be painful and may cause pawing at the affected eye or rubbing it on a carpet which can cause the condition to worsen.
Cataracts are a loss of clarity of the lens of an eye. They are typically easy to recognize, looking like a white or crystalline opaque color blocking part of the pupil behind the iris.
Dogs have a third eyelid, visible as a pink membrane mostly hidden under the inside corner of the eye. When the bulbous, dark pink gland of the third eyelid slips out of place and becomes visible, this is called a “cherry eye.”
Craniomandibular Osteopathy (CMO) describes the growth of areas of new bone around the head and jaws. CMO is a rare condition of no known origin seen in young, growing dogs, usually between 3-7 months old.
Cleft palate and/or lip is common in dogs and occurs when the tissues that make up the lip and/or palate do not join normally during development in the womb, leaving a defect. This deformity is usually inherited, but may be caused by a pregnant dog’s exposure to toxins or other agents that are harmful to the developing embryo(s).
Coloboma describes the presence of an abnormal hole, or thinning, in part of the eye. Colobomas are rare in dogs but, where present, are most commonly found in the iris and eyelid margin.
Congenital oral deformations in dogs are a group of birth defects affecting the lips, teeth, tongue, and/or palate. These are present at birth and may be inherited or caused by other factors during development in the womb.
Canine chronic bronchitis (CCB) is defined as irritation of the lungs causing cough for a minimum duration of 2 months, in the absence of any other respiratory disease. Inflammatory changes in the lungs lead to more mucus production, which leads to cough, leading to even more inflammation and mucus production.
Cutaneous hemangiosarcoma is cancer of the blood vessels of the skin. This type of tumor is generally fragile, blood-filled, and can be found anywhere on the skin.
Polyradiculoneuritis (PRN), also known as coonhound paralysis, is a condition in dogs where the immune system attacks the nervous system resulting in inflammation of nerves, primarily in the legs. The cause of most forms of PRN is unknown, but coonhound paralysis is linked to a reaction to raccoon saliva.
Kidney failure in dogs describes a wide range of conditions that result in loss of adequate kidney function. Symptoms of kidney failure in dogs vary depending on the severity, cause, and how long the disease is present before treatment begins
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common syndrome in dogs caused by heart dysfunction that leads to fluid build up in the chest cavity. Common symptoms of CHF are coughing, increased respiratory rate and effort, and exercise intolerance.
Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) describes a hereditary eye condition in collie and sheepdog breeds. This condition results from poor development of the blood supply in the eye which can lead to detachment of the retina, loss of vision or complete blindness in some dogs.
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in dogs results from excessive exposure to CO gas. The presentation of CO poisoning varies depending on severity and progresses from weakness and breathing difficulties with bright red gums, to coma and death.