Canine Coronavirus, also known as CCoV, is a viral infection of the intestines. This disease is short-lived and typically not fatal, but causes abdominal discomfort and pain for a few days. There are different types of coronavirus that each infect different animal species.
Acid, or Gastric reflux (GR) is defined as the movement of gastric secretions from the stomach into the esophagus.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas performs the vital functions of secreting digestive enzymes that break down nutrients in the intestines and regulating blood sugar levels.
Diarrhea, or loose/watery stool, is a common symptom of many conditions in dogs which range from transient and non-serious to life-threatening. Diarrhea ranges in form and severity, and may contain blood, mucus, fat, visible parasites, or foreign matter.
Dogs are not selective about what they eat compared to humans, and their indiscretion often leads to gastrointestinal symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, and flatulence.
Seasonal allergies are a common condition in dogs. Most seasonal allergy symptoms in dogs result from exposure to flea saliva and/or pollen.
Canine allergies are common and occur when the immune system overreacts to allergens the dog is exposed to.
Motion sickness (also known as car sickness) is when a dog shows signs of nausea and/or vomiting as a result of being in motion outside of their control.
Gastritis is a general term referring to inflammation of the stomach. A specific diagnosis of gastritis is rarely relevant because it does not identify the underlying condition.
Gastrointestinal blockages most commonly occur when a dog swallows a large, indigestible object. As the object moves through the gastrointestinal tract, it encounters progressively smaller tubes. Eventually, it becomes stuck, and blocks the flow of intestinal contents.
Enteritis refers to inflammation of the intestines, while gastroenteritis refers to inflammation of both the intestines and the stomach
Vomiting is the involuntary expulsion of the contents of the stomach through the mouth and nose. It involves abdominal contractions and may produce bile.
Food allergies occur when the immune system overreacts to an ingested protein.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used for a group of inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases that are the result of disturbed interactions between the immune system, microbiotica of the intestine, and environmental inputs.
Colitis refers to inflammation of the colon, which typically causes diarrhea, increased bowel movements, and increased urgency to defecate.
Canine cholangitis is a rare inflammation that affects the liver, bile ducts, and gallbladder. The most common cause of cholangitis is an infection that ascends from the intestinal tract to the liver
Bloody stool describes the presence of blood in feces and includes digested blood (melena) or undigested blood (hematochezia). Bloody stool is a non-specific symptom triggered by many conditions such as mild, dietary-induced colitis to emergency conditions such as parvovirus infection, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, or bleeding disorders
Constipation is characterized by difficulty defecating with the resulting feces being dry and hard. This symptom is slightly different from tenesmus, which is straining to defecate with an empty or irritated colon, however both of these symptoms appear similarly to pet owners
Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a life threatening viral infection of the gastrointestinal system in dogs. It primarily affects dogs under 2 years old but is most common in puppies between 3-8 months old.
Tumors of the liver describe cancerous growths of the liver, bile ducts, and gallbladder. Dogs with liver tumors often show no symptoms, and diagnosis often occurs while performing tests for other conditions.
Megaesophagus is a condition in which the esophagus is abnormally dilated (stretched) and lacks the muscle tone needed to move food into the stomach. Dogs may be affected from birth (congenital), or acquire the disorder later in life.
Bile duct obstruction, or cholestasis, is when bile stops following through the biliary system in or around the liver. The biliary tract is a system which aids digestion of fat, neutralizes stomach acid, and helps with metabolism.
Peptic ulcers are open, painful sores inside the lining of the digestive tract. Severe ulcers can perforate the stomach, leading to life threatening sepsis or peritonitis.
Whipworm (Trichuris vulpis) is a parasitic intestinal worm of dogs. Whipworms live embedded in the lining of the large intestine. The worms are transmitted between hosts via ingestion of eggs passed in the feces, which can live -and continue to be contagious- in soil for years.
Mucus in the stool is a viscous substance that lubricates feces to pass through the intestinal tract. A large quantity or frequent recurrence of mucus in the stool is uncommon for dogs warranting non urgent veterinary investigation.
Canine bowel incontinence is the inability to control defecation. Incontinence is distinct from inappropriate elimination or house-soiling, in that the bowel movements occur without the dog’s awareness.
Hookworm disease describes infection with Ancylostoma or Uncinaria parasites. Hookworms are intestinal parasites and symptoms vary depending on the different species, age of onset, and severity of the worm burden.
Roundworms are a common type of intestinal parasite in dogs, acquired from consumption or contact with contaminated soil or prey species. Pets are often asymptomatic but when present symptoms include coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, or a swollen belly, and sometimes worms are visible in the feces.
Giardiasis is an infection caused in dogs by species of Giardia, a microscopic protozoan parasite. Giardia pass in host fecal matter and contaminate dirt, water, fur, and other surfaces, allowing for infection of dogs in contact with contaminated environments
Regurgitation is the passive expulsion of matter from the mouth, upper throat (pharynx), or esophagus. In dogs, the expelled matter often takes the appearance of chewed food combined with a little saliva or mucus. It can also be tube-like in shape.