Bacterial cellulitis in horses is a dangerous infection and inflammation of the tissues beneath the skin. Bacterial cellulitis is an emergency that requires immediate veterinary attention
Bone spavin in horses is painful, progressive, irreversible osteoarthritis of the lower hock joints.
Botulism is poisoning due to botulinum toxin, produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. In most equine cases, the toxin enters the body through spoiled food (generally hay or silage).
Blister beetle poisoning, or cantharidin toxicosis, occurs when horses ingest a toxic dose of cantharidin, a toxin produced by blister beetles. Blister beetles most commonly infest alfalfa hay, causing toxicosis in horses when they ingest the feed.
Black locust poisoning is a potentially life-threatening condition in horses, resulting from the ingestion of the seeds, leaves, or inner bark of the black locust tree. Symptoms of black locust toxicosis generally present within two hours of ingestion and include abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood in feces, and dilated pupils.
Blue-green algae poisoning occurs when horses ingest a toxic dose of cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria, commonly referred to as blue-green algae, are a group of bacteria that live in aquatic ecosystems (e.g., ponds, lakes, and creeks).
Nitrate or nitrite poisoning, also referred to as brown blood disease, is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition in horses caused by excessive consumption of nitrate-containing forages, contaminated waters, and some kinds of fertilizers.
Oxalate toxicosis occurs when horses ingest a toxic dose of oxalates, which are naturally occurring acid compounds that can be found in a number of plant species. Once ingested, the oxalate acids bind to calcium in food sources, preventing absorption of calcium by the body.
Botflies in horses are an irritating though generally harmless parasite of the family Gasterophilus.
Brucellosis is an uncommon bacterial disease that is transmitted to horses from cattle or wild animals through contact with waste products or other bodily substances.
Black walnut toxicosis is a severe condition that occurs when horses come into contact with black walnut shavings or ingest the bark, pollen, or leaves of the black walnut tree (Juglans nigra).