Dietary indiscretion is uncommon in cats, as they tend to be picky eaters.
Cats showing symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea require prompt veterinary care to rule out more serious conditions that present with similar symptoms.
In some cases, dietary indiscretion leads to more serious conditions.
In cases of poisoning from ingesting toxic materials, dietary indiscretion may be life threatening, depending on what toxic substance is consumed and the quantity ingested.
Overall, dietary indiscretion has an excellent prognosis, with most cases resolving within 24-72 hours. Dietary indiscretion is not common in cats as they are generally discerning eaters. Cats are not likely to develop symptoms associated with dietary indiscretion if their access to foods other than their own is restricted.
Consumption of any food or non-food item outside of the cat’s normal diet constitutes dietary indiscretion. Potential sources of food include:
Symptoms are usually mild in cats.
Diagnosis is usually based on a history of eating new food items, combined with symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea. Most cases of dietary indiscretion do not require additional testing if symptoms are not severe. Cases that do not resolve on their own, or have severe symptoms, may require additional testing such as blood work, X-rays, or ultrasound.
Most cases of dietary indiscretion in cats respond to diet changes designed to allow the intestinal tract to rest. Food is typically withheld for up to 24 hours, then a bland diet is fed for 2-3 days. Frequent, small meals are better tolerated than large meals when a cat’s digestive tract is recovering. As long as symptoms continue to improve, regular food is slowly reintroduced over the following week.
If symptoms do not improve, further diagnostic tests and treatments are indicated. Medications such as probiotics, anti-nausea medications, and gastrointestinal protectants are helpful in resolving more severe cases.
Most cases of dietary indiscretion have an excellent prognosis, with the cat recovering within 24-72 hours with appropriate treatment.
Cats are usually picky eaters, so dietary indiscretion is uncommon in this species. Prevention strategies for cats known to eat unusual food items include:
Dietary indiscretion is uncommon in cats, due to their picky nature.