A closer look: Itching and Scratching (Pruritus) in Horses
Itching is common in horses. While rarely life-threatening, pruritus warrants prompt veterinary assistance, as itchiness can negatively impact quality of life. Untreated infections may worsen over time, and horses may further irritate or damage their skin by rubbing against rough surfaces trying to scratch themselves. In severe cases, horses may bite their skin causing self-mutilation.
Tail rubbing is a common reaction to itchiness, which may lead to a fraying tail or loss of hair. Horses scratching themselves against objects may also lose patches of fur across their body, or rub out sections of their mane.
Severe itchiness may cause a horse to scratch more vigorously, which may lead to injury or damage to the skin.
Testing and diagnosis
A detailed history of itchiness helps focus diagnosis, including
- How long ago itchiness presented
- How regularly it occurs
- Any recent changes to the horse’s life or environment
- Attempted treatments or home remedies
- Animals in contact with the horse during this time
Other diagnostics include:
- Physical exam
- Blood work
- Skin scraping
- Examination of hairs under a microscope
- Skin biopsy
- Bacterial or fungal culture
Treatment depends on the underlying cause, and may include allergen immunotherapy, antibiotics, antiparasitic drugs, and medication to reduce itchiness. Preventive measures based on the underlying cause may also be suggested, such as insect repellants, removing allergens from the horse’s environment, or regular deworming.
Itchiness is self-evident.