Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a virus of the retrovirus family called lentiviruses. It affects cats worldwide and infected cats may not show symptoms for a long period of time after the initial infection occurred. The virus affects cats slowly and infected cats may remain healthy for many years. The virus primarily attacks the cat’s immune system. The virus can be transmitted to another cat if through close cat contacted including via infected cat bites.
An FIV-infected cat may take years to show any symptoms and the symptoms of infection may be similar to those of other diseases. Once an infected cat becomes clinically ill with an FIV infection it is described as Feline AIDS. It is important to test your cat if you notice any of the following symptoms. These symptoms may include:
Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment available for FIV presently. Treatment mainly focuses on secondary effects of the virus. Your vet may prescribe antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections associated with feline AIDS. And recommend medications to boost your cat's immune system.
Diabetes Mellitus in cats is a complex disease and often referred to as insulin deficiency. Diabetes Mellitus is the inability to produce adequate insulin to balance glucose levels where a cat’s body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin, or cannot use the naturally produced insulin.
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